A term heard during pregnancy, hip dysplasia is thought to affect 1 in 1000 babies. This congenital disease is among the most common. Fortunately, there are treatments that can leave no sequelae on the child if the disease is taken care of in time.
But how to diagnose it? How can it be treated? How do we prevent it? Stay with us to find out.
Hip dysplasia: definition
It is a congenital abnormality of the hip due to abnormal development in utero. There are varying degrees of this abnormality ranging from instability to total dislocation of the joint.
It is an abnormality that may be genetic in origin so pay special attention to baby if you or your loved ones have it.
Symptoms of hip dysplasia
They may not be very visible, but the doctor, by handling your child will be able to quickly detect signs of dysplasia in baby.
- Asymmetry or inability to open the thighs outward
- Leg shorter than the other (or folds on the buttocks and groin asymmetrical)
- Little noise when baby opens his legs
- Anomalous walking (on the toes..)
As your child grows, other signs will be visible such as lameness.
Possible causes of hip dysplasia
While the origins may be genetic, there are other factors that lead to a higher risk of developing this abnormality:
- a poor position in the womb: prolonged breech position in late pregnancy or even presentation in this position at birth (baby's hips are flexed while his knees are extended which favors the anomaly)
- multiple pregnancies and twins
- family history
- babies weighing more than 4 kg at birth
So watch your baby even more if these factors are present.
How to diagnose it
Generally, hip dysplasia is present on only one side. But sometimes both sides are affected which makes it more difficult to detect.
It is important to know that a hip examination is done as soon as the baby is born.
To detect it:
- Barlow's examination: the doctor/midwife stares at the baby's hip while making circles with his leg to see if there is the presence of a protrusion
- an ultrasound : Remains the most reliable way
The sooner it's caught, the better!
- The cuddle nappy or abduction cushion: a device that allows baby to keep his legs and therefore his hips apart so that the articulation is done properly. It is a kind of small cushion to put between the legs so that baby is in the "frog" position:)
- The Pavlik splint: used when the diagnosis was made later. These are two straps that hold baby's legs apart. One strap is attached to a belt and the other to booties.
If the diagnosis was made later and it is a total dislocation of the joint, the treatments will be more consistent.
Baby hip dysplasia and babywearing: the right combination
Physiological babywearing in a sling respects, as its name suggests, baby's physiology. Countries where babywearing is systematic have a much lower rate of hip dysplasia precisely!
And for good reason, babywearing in a sling, in a good position, allows baby to be in the desired position, that of the "frog". This position favors the proper nesting of the hip joint by respecting it. Babywearing is suitable for good psychomotor development.
Love Radius has been an expert in babywearing since 2007 and has developed baby wraps and baby carriers that are certified as healthy for baby's hips by the International Hip Dysplasia Institute. All our products are ergonomical.
For carrying from birth, we strongly recommend the baby wrap, which is perfect for soothing baby while encouraging his psychomotor development while respecting his hips.
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